The Thracian burial place in Kazanlak is a circular domed tomb, which is situated in Kazanlak as well as belongs to a large necropolis, situated near the ancient resources of the Orisko Kingdom of Seuthopolis. It was dated at the end of IV century BC. Hr.– The beginning of the III century BC. Human resources. As well as given that 1979 is a UNESCO World Heritage website.
The discover of the tomb
The tomb came from the Thracian leader Roygos. It was unintentionally discovered on April 19, 1944, under a pile of soldiers digging a trench in the northeastern part of Kazanlak. The mound had the appearance of a natural coating on the natural hill. It was 7 m high, with a diameter of the base 40 m. The soldiers stumbled upon a masonry stone wall. Interest led them to break it, as well as after that got in a small and slim corridor, where there was a collapsed rectangular granite piece, and from there in a round arched room. They realized they found something essential, they called an archaeologist, as well as he validated their presumptions. Therefore was found an exceptional monolith from the Hellenistic age in Bulgaria, which is currently amongst the 100 national vacationer websites.
Circulation of the burial place
Comparable dome burial places were located in Thrace, southerly Russia and also Asia Minor. The burial place is covered by a stone tee shirt from which two parallel wall surfaces are separated from the entrance of the Dromoform, which form a rectangular anteroom with a length of 2.60 m as well as a size of 1.84 meters. The burial place is made of bricks, which in dromohave have a rectangular shape, and also in the Dome Room are trapezoidal.
Remnants of a male and a female are located in the chamber, in the hallway in front of the horse-bones chamber. In the mound are located ceramic as well as routine vessels, as well as components of gold accessories. When conducting studies as well as catching the mound, 2 sacrificial foci with traces of sacrifice were discovered.
After sifting with the large layer of dust collected on the floor of the tomb were discovered a number of little, rounded, dry opulent beads of clay; Part of an iron bridle; Iron pointer of a spear; Heavily rusted and also crushed in items connected iron knife; Three tiny octagonal rosettes of clay painted in white with colored skies stamens of flowered; A clay rosette with twenty-eight petals, the front side of which is completely dry gilded; A little gold ring; One hundred and forty tiny hemispherical gold “Cops”, from the scooped side, on which a small gold spiral ring is attached; Narrow Golden, spirally twisted strips.
The “Kophensata” and also the strips were most likely stitched to a cells. It is presumed that they were the clothes of the dead, and the rosettes-from the diadem of the Thracian. 2
Its world renown tomb owes its one-of-a-kind frescoes in the corridor and the dome premise– several of the best-preserved frescoes of the old picturesqueness of the Rannoelinističeskata period. The wall surfaces of the Dromois and the funeral chamber are full of a picturesque decor, which inhabits a location of 40 m2. It reveals private moments of the temporal, army and immortality of the Thracian leader stocked it.
The artist Kodzimassis Hrestos, understood in ancient background, has dealt with 4 standard shades: black, red, yellow as well as white. 2 strategies were utilized: damp fresco in decorative as well as figurative painting and also distemper in the discoloration of the flooring as well as wall surfaces. In the design is utilized encasutic technique, in which the plaster acquires a glossy, almost mirror radiance.
The wall design resembles the front wall surface of an abundant building, lined with marble pieces and also finishing with building information. In the waiting room, the walls are glued with clay. On Frito on the eastern wall surface of the Dromois are depicted singing and also steed warriors.
In the center of the Frito on the Western Wall exists an image similar to that in the frion of the eastern wall. Below, nevertheless, one warrior knelt with his left foot in front of the various other. According to Ivan Venedikov, a historical occasion was shown in the Dromoniche, gotten in touch with the life of the leader hidden in the tomb, and also according to Ivan Marazov This is a mythical scene, representing the militant dignity of the burial.
In the Dome space (the genuine funeral chamber) is a wide frieze with metaphorical paint, in which an extensive multi-figured make-up depicting a “funeral feast” is developed. In the facility of the primary frieze in the dome, opposite the low rectangular entry, are depicted figures of a man and also a woman, a married couple seated beside a table of food, and also around them slaves birthing presents. His hair is dark and comes down on lengthy ruffles to the nape, and on his head he puts on a laurel wreath, a mark of heroism.
Several women and also men are portrayed around the primary two numbers. Some of them are servants, handmaids, cogners, artists. A substantially greater number with a tray in which pomegranates are seen is possibly the mom Goddess (Demeter kind), an inviting deceased in the underground kingdom. Very realistic is depicted a scene of a funeral banquet with a procession. According to Lyudmila Jivkova, the knotted hands of the partners symbolize the suggestion of forgiveness and also splitting up with the dead, and also according to Ivan Marazov they suggest marital relationship routine, a spiritual marriage with the goddess-daughter (of the kind of Persephone) in the afterlife. With exceptional proficiency exist chariots, Chariot and steeds, as component of the funeral/wedding procession. There are likewise musicians playing pipelines in the procession. Two highly saddled horses, possibly owned by the deceased, and 4 more superbly enhanced horses were provided. The uppermost component of the dome, over the cornice, is divided into 3 squares. One eddy-running cavalry is represented in each area.
The Thracian interment practices Herodotus composed:
” The abundant are hidden such as this: the remains maintained revealed for three days; They slaughtered sacrificial pets and also feast as they mourn the dead, then hide it by shedding it or hiding it in the ground. They set up a pile as well as develop a racing game. “
The tomb today
The entrance to the spear of the burial place
In 1946 the burial place was constructed in a special safety building, which in 1960 was converted. In 1961 it was outfitted with cooling system to give the necessary conditions for storage space of frescoes. In 1966, UNESCO organized an international commission with the objective of performing a detailed look at the state of frescoes. In 1979, it was included worldwide Heritage List of the Convention for the Protection of World social as well as natural heritage.
In order to maintain the frescoes, accessibility to the initial Kazanlak tomb is purely limited. The musicians who recreated the frescoes are Professor Lyuben Ankov, Zlatka Kokozarova as well as Slavi Voykov.